How to Marinate Chicken
Marinades, typically a mixture of an oil, an acid and seasonings, create tastier, juicier and tenderer chicken. How's that? Oils help the meat retain its moisture while cooking, resulting in a juicier finished product. Acids, whether you're using fruit juice or vinegar, help break down the dense protein, tenderizing the meat. Seasonings, as with any food, boost flavor.
Pictured Recipe: Teriyaki Marinated Chicken
When you opt for a homemade marinade or rub instead of store-bought versions, you're in charge of the ingredients. You can skip the preservatives, colorings and additives, keep sodium and sugar in check, and choose olive oil (high in heart-healthy monounsaturated fats) over the less-healthy oils used in many commercial marinades.
Here's our simple step-by-step guide to marinated grilled or broiled chicken breast.
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How long should you marinate chicken?
"That depends on the marinade and what kind of chicken," says EatingWell Test Kitchen Manager, Breana Killeen. Acidic marinades, like vinegar and citrus marinades, tenderize quicker than creamy, mayo or buttermilk-based marinades.
As a rule of thumb, she recommends following this guideline for acidic marinades:
Boneless chicken pieces: at least 30 minutes and up to 2 hours
Whole bone-in chicken breasts, drumsticks, wings or thighs: at least one hour and up to 12 hours.
Too long in an acidic marinade can produce mushy meat. If using a creamy marinades, like one with buttermilk, you can increase the marinating time up to 8 hours for boneless and up to 24 hours for bone-in chicken.
If you're ready to make dinner and forgot to marinade your chicken in advance (hey, it happens to the best of us) Killeen has an expert hack that she calls a "reverse marinade." You cook your chicken first and then slice it and toss it the marinade after it's cooked for 5 minutes. You'll infuse lots of flavor, without a lot of time.
Two Types of Chicken Marinades
A basic chicken marinade comes in one of two forms: dry or wet. Each can be delicious, but they're suited for different types of cooking.
How to Make Dry Rubs for Chicken Breast
Pictured Recipe: Paprika-Herb Rubbed Chicken
A dry rub is a mixture of herbs and spices, but contains no liquid. Once sprinkled onto chicken, a dry rub forms a crust. This helps enhance the chicken's flavor, and seals in moisture.
To make a dry rub for chicken, use a one-to-one ratio of spices plus one half part salt. Try a combination of any of these dry seasonings:
- white pepper
- red pepper
- chile flakes
- dry mustard
- garlic powder
- onion powder
- dried citrus zest
- brown sugar
There's no wrong or right combination in a dry rub for chicken. Use the ingredients you prefer, and keep experimenting to find a just-right flavor you like.
Try these: Healthy Dry Rub Recipes
How to Make Wet Rubs or Marinades for Chicken Breast
Pictured Recipe: Balsamic-Dijon Chicken
A wet rub, or marinade, combines herbs and spices with a liquid. The liquid is essential for adding moisture and tenderizing chicken. It can also provide a lot of flavor.
To make a marinade for chicken, combine your preferred spices and herbs in a one-to-one ratio, plus one half part salt. Then, add enough liquid to cover the herbs and spices. You can use one liquid, or mix and match in a one-to-one ratio. Try some of these:
- soy sauce or tamari
- Worcestershire sauce
- fruit juice
If using more than one liquid, whisk them together first. Then mix your dry ingredients together and add 2 tablespoons of the liquid. Stir to combine. Add another tablespoon of the liquid or more until you have the consistency you want.
Some people prefer their wet rubs to be more like a paste. For pastes, rub them onto the surface of the meat, and let it marinate for at least 30 minutes. Better yet, wrap the meat tightly in plastic, and refrigerate for 30 minutes to 12 hours.
If you want a thinner marinade, add up to 1/4 cup more liquid until you reach the consistency you're looking for.
Try these: Healthy Marinade Recipes
How to Marinate Chicken Breast
1. Start with Boneless, Skinless Chicken Breast
Pictured Recipe: Chimichurri Chicken
Boneless, skinless chicken breast is a quick weeknight dinner staple. For four servings, one pound will be sufficient. Choose a rub or marinade of your choice.
2. Marinate or Rub the Chicken Breast
Pictured Recipe: Sweet & Savory Grilled Chicken
For marinated chicken: Place chicken in a shallow dish or 1-gallon zip-top bag. Add your homemade marinade, and refrigerate for at least one hour or up to 12 hours. (The longer it marinates, the more intense the flavor will be. See above for our marinating time recommendations.) Remove the meat from the marinade, and pat dry before grilling or broiling.
For dry-rubbed chicken: Combine the dry ingredients in a bowl. Dry the surface of the chicken well, then coat the chicken with the dry rub. For the best flavor, massage the spice rub into the chicken. Let the chicken rest for up to 30 minutes before grilling or broiling.
3. Grill or Broil the Chicken Breast
Pictured Recipe: Grilled Lemon-Herb Chicken
For grilled chicken breast: Preheat a grill to medium-high. Oil the grill rack (see Tip). Grill the chicken, turning once, until an instant-read thermometer inserted into the thickest part registers 165°F, 4 to 8 minutes per side.
For broiled chicken breast: Position a rack in upper third of oven; preheat broiler. Line a broiler pan (or baking sheet) with foil and coat with cooking spray. Place the chicken on the foil. Broil, watching carefully and turning at least once, until an instant-read thermometer inserted into the thickest part registers 165°F, 10 to 15 minutes total.
Tip: Oiling a grill rack before grilling helps ensure that food won't stick. Oil a folded paper towel, hold it with tongs and rub it over the rack. (Do not use cooking spray on a hot grill.)
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