Guide to Food Allergies and Special Eating Needs(Printer-Friendly Version) | Eating Well

Guide to Food Allergies and Special Eating Needs

http://www.eatingwell.com/nutrition_health/nutrition_news_information/guide_to_food_allergies_and_special_eating_needs

By EatingWell Editors, "What-they-can-eat cheat sheet,"September/October 2007

The 8 most common food allergies and how to eat around them.

Following this guide can help you prepare a meal for someone with food allergies or other special eating needs. Hidden sources are not as elusive as they were before it became mandatory to list, in plain language, ingredients derived from the “Big Eight” allergens. But you still need to read labels. We’ve simplified that job by identifying some foods in which these risky ingredients are common.

We also offer ways to modify favorite dishes so all can enjoy them. Note: The information in this article is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Since allergies and intolerances are quite variable, it’s best to ask your guests about their specific restrictions before you start planning a dinner menu.

Next: 1. MILK »

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1. MILK

ALSO RELEVANT TO:

Foods to Avoid: Cow’s milk and all food products—including butter, buttermilk, cheese, cream cheese, cream, half and half, ice cream, cottage cheese, yogurt, pudding, sour cream—made from it. Plus, many (but not all) people who are allergic to cow’s milk are sensitive to proteins in goat’s milk and sheep’s milk too.

Common Hidden Sources: Deli meats and hot dogs, veggie burgers, sorbet, canned tuna, chocolate, nondairy creamers, commercial breads and rolls, salad dressings and mayonnaise.

Delicious Swaps:

Next: 2. EGG »

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2. EGG

ALSO RELEVANT TO:

Foods to Avoid: Eggs
Note: Some people are so sensitive to egg proteins that cooking fumes can stoke an allergic reaction.

Common Hidden Sources: Ice creams, egg substitutes, pastas, candies, hot dogs, meatballs, breads, rolls and other baked goods, mayonnaise, meringues, marshmallows, nougat and marzipan.

Delicious Swaps:

Next: 3. PEANUT »

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3. PEANUT

Foods to Avoid: Peanut butter, mixed nuts, beer nuts, peanut oil.
Note: Experts often caution those with peanut allergies to avoid tree nuts, due to cross-contamination risks. Plus, about one-third of those with an allergy to peanuts (which are legumes like beans) have or will develop an allergy to one or more true nuts, which grow on trees.

Common Hidden Sources: Sauces used in ethnic—Asian, African and Mexican—meals (e.g., mole), candy, chocolate, sunflower seeds and nut butters (which often are processed on shared equipment, so read labels to find ones that keep peanuts separate), some natural and artificial flavors and many other foods (i.e., read labels of all processed foods).

Delicious Swaps:

Next: 4. TREE NUTS »

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4. TREE NUTS

Foods to Avoid: Walnuts, almonds, cashews, pistachios, pecans, Brazil nuts, hazelnuts, chestnuts, macadamia nuts, pine nuts, and more.
Note: Experts often caution those with tree nut allergies to avoid peanuts too. (See explanation above.)

Common Hidden Sources: Cereals, chocolate, candies, marzipan, nougat, mortadella, pesto and some natural and artificial flavors (i.e., read labels of all processed foods).

Delicious Swaps:

Next: 5. FISH »

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5. FISH

ALSO RELEVANT TO:

Foods to Avoid: Fish including tuna, salmon, catfish, and more.
Note: Experts often caution those allergic to fish to be aware of cross-contamination risks of eating shellfish and other seafood.

Common Hidden Sources: Caesar salad dressings (many contain anchovy paste), Worcestershire sauce, fish sauce, caponata, imitation crab meat (a.k.a., surimi).

Delicious Swaps:

Next: 6. SHELLFISH »

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6. SHELLFISH

ALSO RELEVANT TO:

Foods to Avoid: Shrimp, crab, lobster, crawfish, and more.
Note: Experts often caution those allergic to fish to be aware of cross-contamination risks of eating fish and other seafood.

Common Hidden Sources: Fish stocks, flavorings (anything labeled “natural and/or artificial flavorings” may contain fish by-products).

Delicious Swaps:

Next: 7. SOY »

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7. SOY

Foods to Avoid: Soymilk, tofu, tempeh, edamame, soybeans, soy protein isolate, soy sauce, soy nuts, TVP or textured vegetable protein (defatted soy flour), tamari, miso.

Common Hidden Sources: Tuna, deli meats, hot dogs, vegetable broth, vegetable starch, textured vegetable protein, cereals, infant formulas, sauces, soups, many vegetarian products.

Delicious Swaps:

Next: 8. WHEAT »

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8. WHEAT

ALSO RELEVANT TO:

Foods to Avoid: Wheat-based pastas, cereals, breads, bran; wheat germ, wheat berries, semolina (a type of wheat used to make pasta), kamut (used in cereals, crackers and pasta), bulgur, seitan.

Common Hidden Sources: Ice creams, bouillon cubes, potato chips, deli meats, French fries, soy sauce, many processed snacks (too many to list), breadcrumbs, couscous, spelt, hot dogs.

Delicious Swaps: