The ripest mangoes have a sweet fruity aroma at stem ends and flesh that gives slightly when gently squeezed. (Don’t judge by color; redness doesn’t always equal ripeness.) Refrigerate ripe mangoes for up to five days. Firm mangoes ripen at room temperature; speed the process by placing in a paper bag.
Ataulfo mangoes, from Mexico, Ecuador and Guatemala, are small and yellow with a flattened oval shape. Their delicate flavor balances spicy and sweet notes, and the texture is delightfully buttery. Ataulfo appears briefly in January and returns mid-February until mid-August.