Edamame: Edamame are fresh soybeans (also called “sweet beans”), picked in their fuzzy pods just before they reach full maturity, and look like bright green lima beans. Their flavor is sweet and mild, with a touch of “beaniness.” In Japan, edamame are often boiled in salty water still in their pods and served as bar food (the pods are inedible, but it’s fun to pop them open between sips of beer). You’ll most likely find frozen, partially cooked edamame, either in pods or shelled—but fresh ones might turn up at farmers’ markets or natural-foods stores. Use them in bean salads, toss into stir-fries or soups. Edamame are easy to digest and are exceptionally high in protein (1⁄2 cup has 16 grams).