Pinyon Nut Nation

Much of the semiarid Intermountain West lies within Pinyon Nut Nation. From the Front Range of the Rockies to the eastern flanks of the Sierra Nevada, pinyon nuts have been gathered for millennia but are now declining due to the insidious combination of drought, bark beetles, and wildfires.

Ranching and sheepherding traditions remain strong in this region, which hosts the annual National Cowboy Poetry Gathering, an event that features Basque and other cowboy cuisines. The region is rich in freshwater fish, many of them endangered, and in berries, bulbs, and grasses. More than fifty-two of its traditional foods are now threatened or endangered.

– excerpted from Renewing America’s Food Traditions, edited by Gary Nabhan, with the permission of Chelsea Green Publishing (

Disappearing Foods

* Alveron de Temporal Pea
* Boulder Raspberry
* German Extra Hardy Garlic
* Jenny Lake Huckleberry
* Little Kern Golden Trout
* Manzanitas Mexicanas Apples
* Mormon Blue-green Hubbard Squash
* Navajo Cushaw Squash
* Nevada Soft-shelled Pinyon Nut
* Paiute Cutthroat Trout
* See Full List

Tips to preserve heritage and heirloom foods:
• Become a seed saver through the Seed Saver Exchange (
• Purchase heirloom produce and heritage livestock breeds (American Livestock Breeds Conservancy,
• If you think a food is endangered, nominate it to the Slow Ark of Taste,
• Support community agriculture, farmers markets and local food groups.
• Attend events that celebrate local foods.
Read more about Renewing America’s Food Traditions (RAFT).

Disappearing Foods (Full List)
Alveron de Temporal Pea
Apache Giant Cushaw Squash
Bear Lake Huckleberry
Bonytail Chub
Boulder Raspberry
Bull Trout
Chimayo Melon
Colorado Blue Flour Corn
Colorado River Pikeminnow
Cui-ui Sucker
Death Valley White Seeded Devil's Claw
Desert Tortoise
Eden's Gem (Rocky Ford) Melon
Emerald Gem Melon
Fort Marcy Cholla Cactus
German Extra Hardy Garlic
Green Nutmeg Melon
Greenback Cutthroat Trout
Hopi Casaba Melon
Humpback Chub
Idaho Pear
Jenny Lake Huckleberry
Lahontan Green Cutthroat Trout
Little Kern Golden Trout
Manzanitas Mexicanas Apples
Mormon Blue-green Hubbard Squash
Navajo (Dine) Blue Flour Corn
Navajo (Dine) Gold Flour Corn
Navajo (Dine) Robin's Egg Flour Corn
Navajo (Dine) White Flour Corn
Navajo Blue Hubbard Squash
Navajo Cushaw Squash
Navajo-Churro Sheep
Nevada Soft-shelled Pinyon
New Mexican Red Garlic
New Mexico Hispanic Alegria Amaranth
Owens Valley Tui Chub
Paite Yellow Tepary Bean
Paiute Cutthroat Trout
Paiute Mixed Tepary Bean
Panache/Striped Tiger Fig
Potawatomi Plum
Pueblo Red Dye Amaranth
Razorback Sucker
Rio Lucio Concho Flour Corn
San Felipe Pueblo Blue Corn
San Felipe Pueblo White Corn
San Juan Pueblo Cushaw Squash
Taos Hubbard Squash
Vadito Blue, Concho, White Corn
Virgin River Chub
White Mountain Apache Red Seeded Sorghum

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