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Which is healthier: hot dogs or hamburgers?

By Kerri-Ann Jennings, June 21, 2012 - 11:13am

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Which is healthier: hot dogs or hamburgers?

It’s grilling season and chances are you’ll be making that ever-important cookout decision: hot dog or hamburger? Some people, no doubt, are cheering “Both!” But if you’re trying to make a healthier choice, then the registered dietitian in me knows that “both” is not the answer. So which one is the healthier pick? See how a hamburger compares nutritionally to a hot dog before you tell the grill master your order.

Recipes to Try: Healthy Hot Dog & Hamburger Recipes

HAMBURGER

What You Get in a Typical Burger
There are a lot of factors to consider when it comes to burgers: How big is it? What kind of beef is it? What are you putting on it? A typical burger is in the 1/3 – ½ pound range (about 6 to 8 ounces) and made from 85%-lean ground beef.
Served with a bun, it can pack as much as 620 calories and 9 grams of saturated fat (that’s nearly half your daily limit)…before toppings. A slice of cheese adds another 110 calories and 6 grams of saturated fat. On the positive side, burgers deliver iron and zinc.

Must-Read: 6 Tips for Cooking a Better Burger

How to Have a Healthier Burger
But a USDA-approved (and EatingWell recommended) serving size for meat is a much smaller 3 ounces cooked (that’s starting with 4 ounces of meat before cooking, which will shrink down to the perfect portion). A quarter-pounder gives you 11% of your daily value of iron and 32% of your daily value for zinc. You can make your burger with lean ground beef—at EatingWell Magazine we recommend you look for 90%-lean or leaner. What will those choices save you? About 200 calories and 5 grams of saturated fat.

If you’re eating out and not forming the patties yourself, you can cut a typical-size burger in half and load it with healthy toppings: lettuce and tomato or some grilled vegetables to add flavor without piling on the calories. You can also shave off another 121 calories by swapping a standard bun for an English muffin…bringing the total calorie count for burger and bun—er, muffin—to 300.

How to Cut 400 Calories From Your Burger

HOT DOG

What You Get in a Typical Hot Dog
Hot dogs and hot dog buns are typically smaller than burgers and their diminutive size gives them a calorie advantage. An all-beef hot dog and white-bread bun will cost you a mere 270 calories. As a dinner entree, that’s a pretty moderate amount (although the saturated fat is a bit high at 6 grams). There are some downsides to hot dogs, though. First, many are sodium bombs, packing 500 mg or more per dog (a 3-ounce hamburger, in contrast, delivers around 375 mg—and if you’re making it yourself you can add even less salt). Second, many hot dogs contain sodium nitrite or nitrate (additives that help extend shelf life), which are linked by some (but not all) experts to increased cancer risk. Lastly, because hot dogs are on the smaller side, you might be inclined to have more than one.

How to Have a Healthier Hot Dog
There are a few ways to find the healthiest hot dog: 1) Choose one with 370 mg of sodium or less. 2) Skip the white bun and opt for a 100% whole-wheat bun—you’ll get more fiber, as well as more immune-supporting selenium and bone-strengthening magnesium. Better flavor too. 3) For a heart-healthier choice, look for a dog with less than 3 grams of saturated fat. Poultry dogs tend to be leaner, veggie dogs leanest of all. (The EatingWell Test Kitchen tasted a variety of dogs and chose their favorite healthiest hot dogs. Find out which brands make the healthiest and tastiest hot dogs.)

THE VERDICT
From a health perspective, I’d say the hamburger (a quarter-pounder made of 90%-lean ground beef) is the hands-down healthier option—it has four times the protein and iron, five times the zinc and a quarter of the sodium. And with a proper portion, the calories are comparable (300 calories for the 3-ounce patty on an English muffin versus 270 for the hot dog and bun). Just know that when you start to size up that burger, you’re getting more of everything…including calories.

Must-Read: Which Is a Healthier Side Dish: Potato Salad or Pasta Salad?

What’s your pick: hot dog or hamburger? Tell us what you think below.

TAGS: Kerri-Ann Jennings, Health Blog, Diet, Health, Nutrition

Kerri-Ann Jennings
Kerri-Ann Jennings is a registered dietitian with a master's degree in nutrition from Columbia University.

Kerri-Ann asks: What’s your pick: hot dog or hamburger?

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