A small amount of the summer squash and zucchini grown in the U.S. has been engineered to resist two specific viruses.
Over three-quarters of Hawaii-grown papayas are the Rainbow variety that was modified to resist a disease that nearly devastated the crop in the ’90s. Most of Hawaii’s papayas are exported. Most fresh papayas in the U.S. come from Mexico.
A minor amount of GMO sweet corn is grown in the U.S. and sold as fresh ears; a higher percentage of Canadian sweet corn is GMO. Traits that have been developed are herbicide and earworm (insect) resistance.
J.R. Simplot, a French-fry maker, introduced its Innate potato variety to the U.S. in 2015. It’s modified to have fewer black spots from bruising and to produce lower levels of acrylamide, a possible carcinogen, when fried.
The FDA approved the Arctic apple in 2015, but trees have not yet been planted and it will take several years for trees to bear fruit. The apples, which include Granny Smith and Golden, are modified to resist browning when cut.