A few months ago, a new scientific paper discussing a link between mental stress and digestive trouble crossed my desk. I was
immediately intrigued—partly because at the time I was stressed (it was during the holiday season, work was busy and my
husband was traveling a lot on business), but also because at one time or another everyone feels taxed. This was information
I knew you, our reader, could use!
And sure enough, once word got out among our staff, the whole office was buzzing: How does stress affect my gastrointestinal
tract? And because I’m the nutrition editor, I was also asked, are there any soothing foods that I can eat?
There’s a reason why when you’re upset, you feel a knot in the pit of your stomach. “The brain and the digestive tract share
many of the same nerve connections,” says Douglas A. Drossman, M.D., a gastroenterologist and psychiatrist and co-director of
the University of North Carolina Center for Functional GI and Motility Disorders in Chapel Hill. It’s because, in the womb,
the nerves that eventually separate into the brain, spinal cord and nerves of the intestine all have the same beginnings and
Mental stress delivers a one-two punch to our digestive systems. First it causes the release of cortisol and adrenaline,
hormones that not only divert energy to your muscles (so you can fight—or flee!), but also slow digestion. For momentary
bouts of stress, that’s a good thing (you want to use your energy to escape the bear, not digest your lunch), but when stress
is chronic those same hormones can make your digestive system sluggish, leading to constipation. In addition, chronic stress
can alter the release of neurotransmitters like serotonin, which promotes relaxation. And because 80 percent of your body’s
serotonin is located in your gut, it’s no wonder that when too much is released it can keep you running to the bathroom,
while too little can make you irregular.
Luckily, science suggests that, when stress strikes, reaching for certain foods can soothe your psyche and your GI tract.
Here are three to get things back on track:
This comforting grain is packed with fiber, which helps regulate digestion—slowing things down when they’re moving too fast
and speeding things up when they’re sluggish. The fiber in oatmeal also guards against dips in blood glucose that can leave
you cranky and lethargic.
Yogurt: You’ve probably heard that probiotics (good-for-you bacteria in foods like yogurt)
can improve digestive health—and there’s some evidence they might. Now a British Journal of Nutrition study
indicates they may alleviate stress as well. Study participants who took a probiotic supplement felt less stress,
depression and anxiety than those who received a placebo. “Probiotics are very strain-specific, meaning that each strain
has unique and distinct benefits,” says D. Milton Stokes, M.P.H., R.D., co-author of Flat Belly Diet! for Men
(Rodale, 2009). “While this study looked at only two specific strains [that aren’t currently available to consumers in
foods], it provides encouraging evidence that probiotics may have a beneficial impact on the mind-gut connection.”
Fatty Fish: Stress can trigger an increase in compounds called cytokines that promote
inflammation, which can worsen digestive ills. Eating more EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid) and DHA (docosahexaenoic acid)—two
omega-3 fats found most commonly in oily fish, such as salmon, herring and sardines—can help relieve inflammation linked to
tummy troubles, according to a 2005 Scandinavian Journal of Nutrition study.
What do you eat to soothe your stomach?
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